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改厕易,污水处理难?农村改厕污水处理存隐忧

FABUSHIJIAN:2021-11-19

JINGGUODUONIANGAICE,YIXIENONGCUNRENGCUNZAIHUAFENCHIWUSHUIQUEFAZHUANRENSHOUJICHULI、CUNJIWUSHUICHULIZHANYUNXINGBUCHANGDENGWENTI,BUJINYINGXIANG“CESUOGEMING”SHIXIAO,HAIZAOCHENG“ERCIWURAN”。


改厕污水处理不当造成“二次污染”


BANYUETANJIZHEDIAOYANFAXIAN,DANGQIANYIXIENONGCUNDIQU,HUOSHIMEIYOUNENGLIJIANSHEWUSHUISHOUJIGUANWANGHECHULISHESHI,HUOSHIWUSHUICHULISHESHIJIANLEYONGBULE、YONGBUHAO,DAOZHIGAICEWUSHUICHULICHENGNANTI。


GENJUWUSHUICHULIFANGSHI,NONGCUNGAICEFENWEIFENSANSHIHEJIZHONGSHI。FENSANSHIGAICE,HUAFENCHIDEWUSHUIZHUYAOYOUQUNZHONGZIXINGCHULI。BANYUETANJIZHEZAIDUODIZOUFANGFAXIAN,YIXIENONGHUHUOYINBUHUICHULI、WUCHUCHULI、CHULIMAFANDENGYUANYIN,JIANGHUAFENCHIWUSHUIZHIJIEPAIRUNONGCUNGOUQU、NONGTIAN,HUOYIN“QIWEIRAOMIN”ERQIYONGCESUO。


XIBEIMOUDINONGMINDAHONGJIAZAI2018NIANDIWANCHENGGAICE,DANCESUOZHIYONGLEBANNIANJIUQIYONGLE。TASHUO,XINCEHUAFENCHIBUDAOBANNIANJIUMANLE,CHOUQIXUNTIAN,CUNLIMEIYOUSHOUJICHULISHESHI,ZHINENGBAHUAFENCHIWACHULAI,BAWUSHUIPAIDAONONGTIAN,GAIYONGHANCE。


JICENGGANBUFANYING,NONGCUNGAICEXIUJIANDEHUAFENCHIRONGJIJIAOXIAO,GUOYIDUANSHIJIANJIUDEQINGTAO,ZENGJIALEQUNZHONGCHUZHIWUSHUICHENGBEN。ERQIE,QINGLIHUAFENCHIPINCIGUOGAO,YIFASHENGSHENLOUHEHUNPAI,YINGXIANGFENWUWUHAIHUACHULIJIEGUO。


YIXIECUNZHUANGJIZHONGCHULIWUSHUI,SUIJIANLEXIAOXINGWUSHUICHULIZHAN,DANYEZAOCHENG“ERCIWURAN”。BANYUETANJIZHEZAIXIBUMOUCUNTUNKANDAO,GAICUNXIAOXINGWUSHUICHULIZHANDAMENJINBI,MENKOUZACAOCONGSHENG,NEIBUHUANJINGZANGLUAN,DIANZHASHANGDEANNIUMEIYOULIANGDENG,WUSHUICHULIZHANPAICHUDESHUIFUYINGYANGHUAMINGXIAN。


后续管护不力、技术不成熟是主因


XIBEIMOUSHANQUXIANGAICEYIFENSANSHIWEIZHU,XIANLI2NIANQIANWEIXIANGZHENPEITAOLEXIFENCHE,DANTINGFANGZAICUNBUDEXIFENCHEJIHUMEIYOUSHIYONGGUODEHENJI。


XIBUMOUSHENGNONGYENONGCUNTINGGANBUBIAOSHI,NONGCUNGAICEHOUXUYUNWEIZIJINZHUYAOKAOJICENGFUDAN,WUSHUICHULISHEBEIYUNXING3ZHI5NIANJIUYAOWEIXIU,WEIXIUCHENGBENGAO,DAOZHIBUFENNONGCUNWUSHUICHULISHESHICHUYUFEIZHENGCHANGYUNXINGHUOTINGZHIYUNXINGDEZHUANGTAI。


JICENGCHOUJIGAICEGUANHUZIJINYESHIYIDANANTI。YUNNANSHENGMOUXIANNONGYENONGCUNJUXIANGGUANFUZERENSHUO,DANGDICAIZHENGSHOURUHAISUANKEYI,DANNONGCUNGAICEDIANDUOMIANGUANG,HOUXUHAIXUYAOXIANGCUNPEITAOZIJIN,DUIYUCUNJITIJINGJIJIAORUODECUNERYAN,CUNZAIBUXIAOKUNNAN。


BANYUETANJIZHELEJIEDAO,JIZHONGSHIGAICEYIKAODIXIAGUANWANGJIZHONGCHULIWUSHUI,WENTIXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO;FENSANSHIGAICEZHUYAOKAOSHENGWUJUN、SANGEHUAFENCHIZIRANJIANGJIEDENGFANGSHICHULIWUSHUI,BUFENJISHUSHANGBUCHENGSHU,QIEHOUXUGUANHUBIJIAOFUZA。JISHIJIEJUELEWUSHUIDESHOUCHUWENTI,YINWEIFANCHOU,FENSANSHIGAICEDETIYANBINGBULIXIANG。


YOUJICENGGANBUTANYAN,SHOUJINGJI、JISHUDENGTIAOJIANDEZHIYUE,CUNZHENWUSHUICHULINANYICAIYONGJIAOWEICHENGSHUDECHENGSHIWUSHUICHULIGONGYI,ERXIANYOUDESHENGTAIXINGGONGYIRENGCHUYUTANSUOQIBUJIEDUAN,CHULIWUSHUIXIAOGUOBUGOULIXIANG。


1637291254954035.jpg

图:村民在查看处理后的生活污水水样


多措并举,治好农村厕所污水


NONGCUNGAICESHIYIXIANGZHANGQIXINGDEGONGZUO,ZIJINXUQIULIANGDA,GEJICAIZHENGYINGJIADATOURU。JICENGGANBURENWEI,DUIYIXIECUNZHUANGJIZHONG、JIANSHEGUIMOJIAODADEWUSHUICHULISHESHI,KEDONGYUANHEZHICHIQIYE、SHEHUIZIBENCANYUXIANGMUJIANSHE,FADONGQUNZHONGTOUZI、TOUGONG、TOULAO,BINGTONGGUOZHENGHENONGCUNGAICEYUNONGCUNRENJUHUANJINGZHENGZHIZIJINDENGFANGSHICHOUCUOZIJIN。


ZHUANJIABIAOSHI,WEIJIADANONGCUNGAICEHOUXUGUANHULIDU,KEYICHENGLI、YINRUZHUANYEHUADEHUANBAOGONGSI,TONGYIKAIZHANNONGCUNGAICEGONGCHENGJIANSHE、WEIHUYUGUANLI;HUOYOUXIANGZHENCHENGLINONGCUNGAICEWUSHUICHULIZHUANYEDUIWU,BAOZHANGQINGJIERENYUANDEGONGZIDAIYU,JIANLI“FAXIAN、SHANGBAO、JIEJUE”DEJIZHI。


BIANFEIWEIBAO、ZIYUANHUALIYONGSHINONGCUNGAICEWUSHUICHULIDEZHUYAOFANGXIANG。JICENGGANBUJIANYI,NONGCUNGAICEWUSHUICHULIXIANGMUZUIHAOCAIYONGCHENGSHUKEKAO、WENDINGXINGHAODECHULIGONGYI,JIANGUDINENGHAO、YICAOZUODEYUANZE。DUIYUJUMINXIANGDUIFENSANDECUNZHUANG,GAICEWUSHUICHULISILUYINGXIANG“JIUDICHULI、JIUDILIYONG”ZHUANBIAN。


(KANYU《BANYUETAN》2021NIANDI20QI)


来源:新华社

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